Bunhill Fields Burial Ground, City of London
Conservation & Repair of Historic Monuments
As one of many projects for the City of London Corporation, the work at Bunhill Fields drew upon a cross-section of London Stone Conservation’s in-house skills including archaeology, conservation and repair.
The former burial ground is Grade I listed and of significant archaeological and cultural importance. Located on the outskirts of the City boundary, near Old Street, the site covers nearly four acres and is a popular public garden.
The burial site was established in 1665 and now contains over two thousand monuments. The location was first used as a common burial ground for those who had died in the plague but could not be accommodated in the churchyards of London. It is the resting place of many notable people such as William Blake, John Bunyan and Daniel Defoe. Bunhill Fields was favoured by nonconformists, as the site was never officially consecrated.
In 2014 the City of London Corporation commissioned London Stone Conservation to undertake an extensive conservation program to repair, reconstruct or relocate over sixty monuments across the site. London Stone Conservation’s in-house archaeologist worked closely with the team of stonemasons and conservators to ensure the careful and undisturbed progress of the works. All stages of the project and archaeological watch were recorded, with daily photographic surveys and drawings marked up to show locations and process of works undertaken. Site diaries were maintained throughout to record the weather, maximum and minimum temperatures and number of operatives working on site, together with details of methods and materials. Conservation reports were written up and submitted for each monument on completion. London Stone Conservation has since carried out a further maintenance and repair program to the boundary walls and ferrous railings at Bunhill Fields and other locations throughout the City of London.